Simone Martini

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Simone MartiniSimone Martini was an Italian painter and a master of the Sienese school. He was active during the 13th and the 14th centuries and is thought of to be a pupil of Duccio. It is known he died August 4, 1344 in Avignon. "If we are to believe Vasari, who tells us that on Simone's tomb there was an epitaph stating that he had died at the age of sixty, then the artist must have been born around 1284" (Kren). He lived most of his life in Sienna (where he was born) and Tuscany, later he spent time in Avignon, where he perished.

Simone Martini is remembered for the continuance of the techniques and "the sophisticated colour harmonies implicit in Duccio's" work yet assembled an individual style of his own to be recognized and remembered(Kren). "He developed the use of outline for the sake of linear rhythm" and later incorporated a gothic spirituality in his work (Kren).

The Maesta, one of Simone's first commissioned works for the Palazzo Pubblico's Council Chamber in Siena, successfully solved the techniques for indicating three-dimensional space. " Simone unites the composition through the subtle relation of interweaving diagonals, and diagonally directed curves; these are carried out with remarkable consistency in the figures and drapery patterns, from the base line up to the off-center placing of the angels who hold a heavenly crown above the enthroned saint" (Hartt, 109). Also in the "Palazzo Pubblico one of his most celebrated works, the fresco of Guidoriccio da Fogliano, a commemoration of the conquest of the castle of Montemassi in 1328 (the date, "MCCCXXVIII," under the fresco refers to the conquest and not to the fresco)" (Kren). This painting, depicts Guidoriccio on the scene of battle leading the Sienese troops after having reconquered the rebellious Caste...