Women In The Workforce

Essay by Paul WalkerCollege, UndergraduateA+, June 1993

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Women In The Labour Force

The past decades their has been a dramatic increase of women

participating in the labour force from countries all over the

world including Canada. In 1950, one Canadian worker in five was

a woman. By 1980 this percentage had doubled, and women are

expected to make up more than 44 percent of the labour force by

the end of this century.

The increase in female participation started occurring

during the 1970's. This increase also caused the largest baby

boom that the Canadian female labour force had ever witnessed.

In North America it is common for women to have part-time or

summer jobs, and the participation rate of teenage girls is high.

It is also mostly high throughout the world in places as United

Kingdom because of the fewer women going to school. But in

places like France, Italy, and Japan the female participation

rate is very low.

In most of the countries the labour force is

most participated in the age groups between 20 and 24. The

labour force of mature women is very high in Sweden, because of

the encouraged day care facilities which also provides the

females with legislation that provides them with excellent

benefits. In Japan there is a drop in female economic activity,

the reason why is it affects their marriage and the care of their

only child.

An observation of labour force participation rates in Canada

show that female rates rose a lot between 1971 and 1981, while

the male rate rose unnoticeably. The increase in the female

participation rate was found in all age groups except in older

women. For women aged 15 to 19 the rate was as almost as high as

the men. But the largest increase was in the age group of 25-44

years old,