Essays Tagged: "Cost of Capital"

The Cost of Capital is a critical element in business decisions.

The Cost of Capital is a CriticalElement in Business DecisionsA Report submitted in partial fulfilment o ... e of the Loughborough University.November 2004ABSTRACTThis paper discusses the issue of whether the Cost of Capital is a critical element in business decisions through the topics of Capital Structure ... itical element in business decisions through the topics of Capital Structure and the effects of the Cost of Capital on a company's competitiveness.Through the use of both qualitative and quantitative ...

(16 pages) 625 0 4.1 Jul/2005

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers

Cooper case Solution

ies on the basis of the above calculations and financial situation of Cooper.Calculation of WACCThe cost of equity was determined by using the following formula:P/E Ratio = Payout Ratio * (1+g) / (r-g ... o = Payout Ratio * (1+g) / (r-g)Therefore r = g + Payout Ratio * (1+g)The following table lists the cost of equity for both Nicholson and Cooper under various growth scenarios. Note that we have assum ...

(6 pages) 674 1 1.5 Jul/2005

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Case Studies

Communication Satellite Corporation

ncial RiskThe trial staff wants to impute the implications of a 45% debt structure to calculate the cost of capital. This is incorrect since firstly, there were no assets that could be used as securit ... ute debt post-1972. Pre-1972, the rate base will be the entire capital of the company.Evaluation of Cost of CapitalWe disagree with the first two witnesses, namely Dr Brigham and Dr Carleton and their ...

(4 pages) 63 0 3.0 Jul/2005

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Case Studies

Coca cola vs pepsi

omic Value Added (EVA) is a single performance metrics that measures firm's performance with firm's cost of capital in calculation, which is disregarded by other performance metrics.Pro-forma income s ... ent that calculates the creation of shareholder value. EVA calculates what profit remains after the cost of capital - both debt and equity - are deducted from operating profit. Unlike other financial ...

(8 pages) 552 2 3.2 Apr/2006

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Case Studies

Capital structure for Diageo

o consumer product companies Grand Metropolitan plc and Guinness plc under the strategy of reducing costs through marketing synergies, cutting overhead expenses and increasing production and purchasin ... ue came from the highest levels of Diageo, the treasury team was given the task of establishing the cost of capital for each of the different areas the company operated. The team had to create a simul ...

(8 pages) 253 2 3.4 Jun/2006

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Case Studies

Marriot Corporation Cost of Capital

1.Marriott uses its' cost of capital estimates to create a hurdle rate to effectively run operations. Marriott uses these ... turns below their respective WACC which will result in losses and vice versa.2.The Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) is as average that reflects the expected return on all of a companies securit ... ital structure. The relevered beta was calculated using 60% debt from the target capital structure. Cost of debt was calculated by multiplying the cost of fixed rate debt by fraction of debt at the fi ...

(4 pages) 617 0 2.3 Jul/2006

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Case Studies

Determining the Debt-Equity Mix

provide a substantial amount of money.Why is WACC Important to an Organization?The weighted-average cost of capital is the rate of return that the company must expect to earn on its average-risk inves ... lly safe ones (Brealey, R., Myers, S., & Marcus, A. , pg 333 (2004).Another way to identify the cost of capital is with the opportunity cost of funds, since this represents the opportunity cost fo ...

(3 pages) 928 0 3.4 Aug/2006

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Accounting

Determining the Debt-Equity Mix: El Caf

provide a substantial amount of money.Why is WACC Important to an Organization?The weighted-average cost of capital is the rate of return that the company must expect to earn on its average-risk inves ... ard for unusually safe ones (Brealey, Myers, & Marcus, 2004, p.333).Another way to identify the cost of capital is with the opportunity cost of funds, since this represents the opportunity cost fo ...

(3 pages) 414 0 2.6 May/2007

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Case Studies

Cost of Capital

The cost of capital and bond rating are very important in the capital budgeting process. “Capital b ... classic rule which is to take on only projects with positive Net Present Value (NPV). The project's cost of capital is the rate investors require to undertake the investment, and should discount all f ... hould discount all future cash flows at this rate key input to the capital budgeting process is the cost of capital. The cost of capital for a company is based on the cost of equity and the cost of de ...

(2 pages) 140 0 4.7 May/2007

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Management

Management

ant to Business, Demand and Supply, Production, Distribution, Consumption and Consumption Function, Cost, Price Competition, Monopoly, Profit, Optimisation, margin and Average, Elasticity, Macro and M ... run and Short run Demand, Derived and Autonomous Demand, Industry and Firm Demand.· Cost and Production Analysis Cost Concepts, Short term and Long term, Cost output Relationship, Cost ...

(1 pages) 438 0 0.0 Nov/2001

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers

Long-Term Financing Paper

l (Myers, 1994).Debt CapitalDebt capital includes all long-term borrowing incurred by the firm. The cost of debt was found to be less than the cost of other forms of financing. The relative inexpensiv ... referred or common stockholders, and (3) the tax-deductibility of interest payments lowers the debt cost to the firm substantially.Equity capitalEquity capital consists of the long-term funds provided ...

(3 pages) 229 0 3.0 Aug/2007

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Marketing

Economic value added

e 1). A more intuitive way to think of EVA is as the difference between a firms NOPAT and its total cost of capital (Kramer & Pushner 40). Stern Staurt's numerical definition of EVA is calculated ... pital © at the beginning of the year by the spread between its return on capital ® and its cost of capital (K): EVA=(Rt-Kt)*Ct-1 (Kramer &Pushner 41). EVA is a notion of residual income ( ...

(8 pages) 196 2 5.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Accounting

Dean's Foods Financials

est earned has gone up, and that there is room for profit growth in the future.The Weighted Average Cost of Capital is the amount that the company must receive to actually add value into the company. ... amount that the company must receive to actually add value into the company. It is the opportunity cost that the company takes on to meet the financial demands of the current stockholders. For Dreyer ...

(4 pages) 30 0 5.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Accounting

EVA Manual

ing unit level 3 1. Overview 3 2. NOPAT (Net operating profit after tax) 3 3. Invested capital 4 4. Cost of capital 6 5. Focus on Delta EVA 7 B. How to build up EVA on the Group and SBU level 8 C. Use ... they were their own.EVA reflects not only operating profit after taxes, but also takes into account costs for debt and equity capital.Creating shareholder value may be achieved by improving performanc ...

(29 pages) 68 0 0.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Accounting

Marriott Corporation: The Cost of Capital

nificant impact on the firm's financial and operating strategies. Marriott measures the opportunity cost of capital for investments of similar risk using the Weighted Average Cost of Capital ("WACC"). ... the divisions and for Marriott:1) We used the Capital Asset Pricing Model ("CAPM") to calculate the cost of equity.2) The cost of debt was determined by adjusting the pre-tax return on debt capital fo ...

(5 pages) 246 0 2.0 Apr/2008

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Case Studies

Debt and Equity

rements are met.Debt CapitalDebt capital includes all long-term borrowing incurred by the firm. The cost of debt was found to be less than the cost of other forms of financing. The relative inexpensiv ... referred or common stockholders, and (3) the tax-deductibility of interest payments lowers the debt cost to the firm substantially.Equity CapitalEquity capital consists of the long-term funds provided ...

(2 pages) 155 1 3.5 Apr/2008

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Management

Dividend Growth Model, Capital Asset Pricing Model, Modern Portfolio Theory, Estimation of Untraded Stocks

han that of the economy and have an established and stable dividend payout.In order to estimate the cost of equity using the Dividend Growth Model, we simply adjust the model's equation for estimating ... we get the following:P(r - g) = D1r - g = D1 / Pr = (D1 / P) + gTherefore in order to estimate the cost of equity through the Dividend Growth Model, we simply add the constant growth rate and the pro ...

(5 pages) 135 0 2.6 Sep/2008

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Management

The Cost of Capital is a Critical Element in Business Decisions

� PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT �15� The Cost of Capital is a Critical Element in Business DecisionsMark FrystakAmerican Public University Sy ... rm of finance, and "since the method of finance that is employed by a particular firm defines their cost of capital (which in turn affects the amount of investment undertaken), it is obvious that the ... e source of internal funds for investment purposes is the company's retained earnings. The relative costs of these funds may vary, depending on the prevailing market conditions. Therefore, the aim of ...

(15 pages) 56 0 0.0 May/2010

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers

Investment

and dividend growth will be calculated and represented in a chart. In the second section, the story of company will be introduced. It includes the information which can influent the investors decision ... corporate governance etc.. In the third section, the conclusion will be made through the comparison of the three companies, and an allocation will be justified if we currently have $10,000 to invest.& ...

(11 pages) 22 0 0.0 Jun/2010

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers

“Glaxo Italia S.p.A.: The Zinnat Marketing Decision”

aluate the forecast. Are all relevant cash flows present? Are the assumptions reasonable?Should the cost of new sales recruits be included in the forecast?4. If, in response to the question above, you ... ution. The question is, however,whether Mr. Rottoli has properly taken into account all significant costs in his models andwhether these generated results from the payback and IRR criteria accurately ...

(5 pages) 7 0 0.0 Nov/2011

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Case Studies