Barnyard Communism: George Orwell's Animal Farm.

Essay by sarixoxHigh School, 10th gradeA+, February 2009

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George Orwell’s novel, Animal Farm, is a satirical allegory of Communist Russia. The events in this novel depict the events that occurred during Russia’s transformation from Democracy to Communism. This is represented through multiple literary elements, such as plot, characterization, and symbolism.

One of the main similarities between this novel and Communist Russia is the plot. For example, Napoleon, the head pig, secretly raises a litter of dogs into his own army, which is very similar to Joseph Stalin using his own forceful secret police, the KGB. Another example of this is can be seen in the elder pig, Old Major, coming up with the idea of animalism. In animalism, all animals would be equal; however, when Napoleon eventually takes over after Old Major’s death, Napoleon makes some animals “more equal than others.” Similarly, in Communist Russia, when Karl Marx, the father of communism, died, Stalin took over, giving certain people special privileges.

These are just two examples illustrating how very comparable this novel’s plot is to the happenings during the communist era in Russia.

Other similarities between Animal Farm and Communist Russia are shown through characterization. For instance, one character in this novel, Mr. Jones, who is an irresponsible, cruel master, gets forced off of his own farm by his livestock. He is a perfect representation of Czar Nicholas II, who was a poor, cruel leader forced to abdicate after the successful February Revolution. Another character, Snowball, is a smart, idealistic pig who follows Old Major’s ideas completely and truly does want to make life better for all of the animals. He tries to do this until he is chased away by Napoleon’s dogs. Snowball represents Leon Trotsky, who was another leader of the Russian Revolution. Trotsky was a well-educated, pure communist who followed Marx until he was chased...