Biological Basis of Training and Exercise. (Water polo training programs and evaluation)

Essay by sairz69 May 2004

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Like any other, water polo requires an athlete to follow specific training programs in order to be successful. The following report contains a series of training programs designed by a student at the Girls Grammar School, Rockhampton, constructed with the intention of improving her overall performance at water polo. This report contains a thorough evaluation and analysis of the athlete's current performance, responses to the constantly changing programs, and her final performances.


The main purpose in undertaking training is to improve the physiological capacity of an athlete and to bring about their best performance possible in their chosen sport. In order to train successfully the demands of the sport must firstly be identified and the athlete's current performance and fitness levels must be assessed. Using this information, a training program should then be designed and put into action.

A profitable training program will incorporate a number of different concepts.

These are 'Warm up', Conditioning phase' and 'Cool down'. Both the warm up and the cool down should include stretches to help prevent injury to the athlete. By implemented these concepts into a training program correctly with careful analysis beforehand, there is no reason why the athlete should not reach his desired performance if the training program is taken seriously and the athlete is prepared to put in a lot of his own time.

The following training programs for this report have been designed after taking a series of fitness tests and concentrating on improving the athlete's performances in these - especially fitness components in which she received a 'fair' or 'poor' rating. Water polo requires a great deal of fitness and seen as these programs were designed specifically for this sport, even the components in which an 'excellent' rating was received were incorporated into the program.