The Bosnian Genocide

Essay by bhangraliciousHigh School, 10th gradeA+, January 2010

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The Bosnian War took place between March 1992 and November 1995. During this war, there was a horrible amount of the Bosnian Muslims who were killed by the Bosnian Serbs in Srebrenica. Conflicts between the Serbs and Croats dated back centuries, but became the most brutal during the aftermath of World War II. In fact, there were so many killed in these brutal disputes that the United States Congress passed a resolution declaring that "the Serbian policies of aggression and ethnic cleansing meet the terms defining genocide". Although the two groups were at war, the mass killing resulted in a horrible genocide of a race of humans, and it showed how uncivilized humans can be in war.

Bosnia is one of several small countries that emerged from the break-up of Yugoslavia, a multicultural country created after World War I by the victorious Western Allies. Yugoslavia was composed of ethnic and religious groups that had been historical rivals, even bitter enemies, including the Serbs, Croats and ethnic Albanians.

In June 1991, Slovenia and Croatia both declared their independence from Yugoslavia soon resulting in civil war. The national army of Yugoslavia, now made up of Serbs controlled by Milosevic, a Serbian leader and former communist, stormed into Slovenia but failed to subdue the separatists there and withdrew after only ten days of fighting.

In April 1992, the U.S. and European Community chose to recognize the independence of Bosnia, a mostly Muslim country where the Serb minority made up thirty two percent of the population. Milosevic responded to Bosnia's declaration of independence by attacking Sarajevo, its capital city. Sarajevo soon became known as the city where Serb snipers continually shot down helpless civilians in the streets, including eventually over 3,500 children. Bosnian Muslims were hopelessly outgunned. As the Serbs gained ground, they began...