Chronic Disease

Essay by mfmontano10429 September 2014

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Chronic Disease Risk Assessment 1

Chronic Disease Rick Assessment

The Disease

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become fragile. Fragile bones can fracture very easily. Most women that have Osteoporosis do not have any symptoms and the disease is usually not discovered until a bone breaks. Bones require many important minerals, one being Calcium. Calcium provides bones their strength. Osteoporosis is caused when calcium leaves the body at a faster than normal rate.

Risk Factors. There are many different risk factors of Osteoporosis, some that are controllable and some that are not. Women that eat a well balanced diet that includes up to 5 servings of vegetables a day exercise at least 3 hours a week and limit their alcoholic beverages to 1-2 a week, are at a lower risk of getting the disease. There are risk factors that cannot be controlled and can possibly increase the risk of getting Osteoporosis.

Some of these factors include, gender, race, age, frame size and family history. Osteoporosis is a disease that most commonly affects women. If the disease runs in a woman's family then the risk is increased. If a mother or daughter in a family have the disease then it is much more likely that the other women in the family will also get it. As women age they increase the risk of getting the disease. Women of White or Asian decent are also more likely to have Osteoporosis than women of other races.

It has also been believed that women of a BMI of 30 or more are also at risk of getting Osteoporosis. The risks continue to increase if a woman is a smoker or lives with a smoker. Women that are found to have eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia are also at a greater...