Cosmic irony in "The Open Boat" by Stephen Crane.

Essay by Anonymous UserHigh School, 12th gradeA-, April 1996

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Stephen Crane's 'The Open Boat,' is thought to be one of the finest stories ever written by an American. Crane uses

a theme of cosmic irony. Cosmic irony is the belief that the universe is so large and man is so small that the universe

is indifferent to the plight of man. In 'The Open Boat,' Crane's theme, cosmic irony, is illustrated through the use of

symbols for isolation, insignificance, and indifference. Three specific examples of cosmic irony symbolism used by Crane

are, the power of the ocean against the insignificance of the boat, the sea against the universe, and the little boat in a

vast sea from the people on the shore.

The indifference aspect of cosmic irony is where things serve no purpose, and there is truly no care for anyone or

anything. In 'The Open Boat,' the power of the ocean against the insignificance of the boat, is a prime example of

indifference used by Crane.

The universe is represented by the power of the ocean, and the small boat in this ocean is

symbolic of man in this giant universe. The immaculate power of the ocean is very indifferent to the small boat, just as

our great universe could not care less for man.

Insignificance is described as being a lack of importance. Those little things that are insignificant mean nothing

to the universe. In 'The Open Boat,' the sea against the universe is symbolic of insignificance in cosmic irony. The sea

represents something which seems very large to mankind, but is actually very insignificant in comprison to the universe. The

universe would still go on without that sea, just like the universe would still go on without mankind.

The third form of symbolism in cosmic irony...