Creating Law: Philosophers of Law

Essay by ssdHigh School, 12th gradeA-, March 2006

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Aristotle is known as one of the most influential philosophers of all time. Many believe Aristotle laid the foundation of "ancient philosophy" (Wikipedia). The great philosopher lived from 384 BC to March 7, 322 BC and throughout his lifetime he made philosophical breakthroughs that opened minds to a new way of thinking (Greek Philosophers). He was born in a town in northern Greece called Stagira and this is where his prophecies began. Proxenus, his guardian, sent Aristotle to Athens, know as "the intellectual center of the world" at the age of seventeen to further and complete his education (The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy). There he met Plato, whom was his greatest influence. Aristotle attending Plato's lectures at the academy for twenty years, later, he also began to lecture. In 342 BC, Aristotle was the tutor or Alexander, the great, who at that time was thirteen and grew up to be the infamous conqueror.

From 335 BC - 322 BC, Aristotle was a teacher, at this time he, as influenced by Plato, wrote "Dialogues". Aristotle contradicted some of Plato's beliefs. He believed "justice should aspire to equality" (Canadian and International Law), he also believe "allotment should not be dependant on the luck of being born into a wealthy or powerful family" (Canadian and International Law). Aristotle was against "oligarchy" and instead he believed in meritocracy (Blair 2004). Aristotle believed "justice should be done with equity" (Blair 2004). It is blatantly clear that the Greek philosopher is a fundamental part of the evolution of philosophy and law.

Most famous for his "best-known work", Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes was a political and philosophical figure in England. He was born on April 5th, 1588 in Malmesbury, Wiltshire. (Tuck; Hobbes, A Very Short Introduction). Hobbes was born an atheist and was given the chance to share...