"The Crucible" by Arthur Miller, clearly a representation of the true meaning of tragedy.

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Arthur Miller's 'The Crucible' is clearly a representation of the true meaning of

tragedy. John Proctor was, in fact, the medium, the tool, of which Miller utilized to

convey a universal depiction of tragedy. A broad definition of a tragic hero is a

protagonist who, through faults and flaws of his own and in the society in which he

exists, falters in the grand scheme of things. This mistake leads to suffering, which

ultimately leads to a self-realization. Miller, himself, has said, 'Tragedy, then, is the

consequence of a man's total compulsion to evaluate himself justly,' leading us to

believe that a greater theme encompasses this downfall. Miller, as well as many other

literary critics seem to convey that tragedy revolves around two universal aspects: fear

and freedom. 'The Crucible' is a direct parallel to the multiple ideals of tragedy and thus

centers around John Proctor's fear and freedom while he exists as a tragic hero.

The first stage in the process of establishing the tragic hero for Miller was

relaying the characteristics of John Proctor. It was essential that Proctor be viewed as the

so called 'good guy' in the plot, one who stands out or the audience can relate to. He is

described as a 'farmer in his middle thirties' with a ' powerful body' and a 'steady

manner', and is already being established as the protagonist in which we sympathize

with.(p.19) Miller's choice to describe him in such a fashion is very significant. By

describing the tragic hero as a 'strong, steady, farmer' the dramatic effect is even greater.

Who else better to fall victim to his own personal freedom and the fear of others but the

strong, stern character? John Proctor's description also provides another outlet to convey

the dynamic nature of his...