What Are the Effects of Acid Rain?

Essay by gusatyo0803 August 2009

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In my country, when people talk about acid rain, they will immediately associate it with alopecia. People believe that acid rain has some toxic substances which can erode human scalps. If people are in contact with acid rain for a long time, they will gradually lose their hair. Hence, everyone always opens an umbrella to avoid the damage of acid rain regardless of whether it is heavy or light. However, when I came to America, I found a phenomenon which surprised me. A few people do not like to use an umbrella even though it is raining cats and dogs. I thought maybe it was due to the fact that there is no acid rain problem in America. I felt curious about whether acid rain only affects my country or not, and I wondered how deep acid rain affects the ecosystem. So, I did research about the effects of acid rain, and found that acid rain also occurs in America.

Based on scientists’ studies, it has been discovered that acid rain can ruin the environment, many kinds of creatures, and man-made structures.

Acid rain was first discovered in the mid-1800s around the city of Manchester, England. Scientists gathered rainwater in England, and through a chemical analysis, they found it was acidic enough to hurt humans. England was one of the industry giants during the industrial revolution. With industrial prosperity, fossil fuels were widely used. The problem following was air pollution. As polluted air combines with rainwater, it becomes so-called acid rain. Why? Factors that contribute to more acid emissions containing nitrogen and sulfur are increasing in proportion to coal consumed, in the use of fly ash precipitators, in the height of stacks, and in use of petroleum in utilities and transportation. As these substances get into the atmosphere, they form...