Employment Law and Sexual Discrimination

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Discrimination any situation in which a group or individual is treated unfavorably based on prejudice, usually against their membership of a socially distinct group or category. Such categories include ethnicity, sex, sexual orientation, religion, socio-economic status, age, and disability. Discrimination applying to the equal availability of employment opportunities, housing, and goods and services is widely legislated against.

Racial Discrimination, treatment of individuals unfavorably compared to others on the grounds of their race. The right not to be discriminated against is enshrined in several international conventions on human rights, and in many national constitutions. A person now has the right to sue for damages if he or she is a victim of discrimination on grounds of color, race, nationality, or national or ethnic origins. Under law, if the discrimination is direct treating a person less favorably than another by doing or not doing something, expressly because of the person's race it can never is justified.

If the discrimination is indirect setting up a requirement that is less likely to be met by a person of one race than a person of another it can only be justified if there is some other valid reason for the requirement. An example of indirect discrimination which might be justified is where a position requires that a certain ability with the English language be reached by a job applicant; even if fewer people of a certain race would be likely to meet the requirement than white people, a person of that race could not claim to have been unfairly discriminated against if the language ability was necessary for the job.

Under the civil acts rights of 1964 it prohibits anyone to discriminate anyone because of their religion. Employers are not allowed to give lower wages to any of their employees because of their religion; they...