F. Scott Fitzgerald uses the archetypical technique many times in "Winter Dreams."

Essay by hunny112High School, 11th grade August 2003

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What is an archetype? An archetype is a noun or an adjective, an author includes in a literary work, which represents something else. For example, water represents life and growth, while dark represents the unknown or the gloomy. Many authors use this to create emphasis on certain things, such as the main conflicts and the theme, without directly stating them. This allows the reader to exercise his mind by reading between the lines and enjoy it at the same time. Another type of archetype is the uniqueness of the characters. For example, there are many archetypical characteristics for women such as the temptress, in which causes the hero downfall. F. Scott Fitzgerald uses the archetypical technique many times in "Winter Dreams."

As the story begins the reader is told of Dexter's job as a caddy on Sherry Island. This information alone reveals that Dexter is lonely. The reader knows this because of the archetypical significance of island; the word island represents loneliness and isolation.

It is here on the island where Dexter spots Judy Jones, "The little girl who had done this was eleven--beautifully ugly as little girls are apt to be who are destined after a few years to be inexpressibly lovely and bring no end of misery to a great number of men."(Page 671) The reader infers from this quote that Judy will be the temptress, later causing Dexter to sink. However, right now Dexter has fallen in love with her just by her sight.

The story continues and nine years later, Dexter meets Judy near the waters. The water symbolizes life and growth; therefore, the audience assumes he and Judy will get together. This assumption is true. "It did not take him many hours to decide that he had wanted Judy Jones ever since he was...