Leadership and Management in the 20th Century

Essay by jamesozzie1University, Bachelor'sA-, February 2006

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"How management manages and leads employees has changed dramatically over preceding decades and will continue to evolve in the future"


Every manager is different in their approach to managing staff and in modern day society leadership is becoming a more vital aspect of management. The business sector in today's society is increasing rapidly, and with this increase comes the need for more people to manage and lead the growing companies.

This essay will embark on the evolution of management and leadership in previous decades and future changes.

Before divulging in this topic of conversation we must firstly distinguish between what exactly is a manager and also a leader.

With regards the differencing of the two words - the word manage means to handle, where as the word lead means to go. Similarly as the two words have different definitions, they also have different purposes.

Some examples as quoted by experts in the field of such studies are listed below:

"Management is usually viewed as getting things done through other people in order to achieve stated organisational objectives."

"The emphasis on leadership is on interpersonal skills in a broader context. It is often associated with the willing and enthusiastic behaviour of followers. Leadership can be seen primarily as an inspirational process."

Mullins, 1996

"You can be appointed a Manager, but you're not a leader until your appointment has been ratified in the hearts and minds of those who work for you" John Adair

As it is known many managers share similar characteristics that fit into a broad management or leadership style.

This is the basis for our research and this presentation on changes in managements.

We will attempt to reference the two and form a case study.

Functions of a Manager:

The four basic functions of management are:

* Planning...