Study Notes on Hitler and the Holocaust.

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Bergen Belsen was a concentration camp southwest of Bergen, near Celle. It was mainly used between 1943 and 1945, and an estimated 50,000 people died there, including Jews, Czechs, anti-Nazi Christians, homosexuals, gypsies and Anne Frank.

Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi concentration camps, which was in Southern Poland in a town named Birkenau. The camp consisted of three main parts, Auschwitz I, the administrative part, Auschwitz II, the extermination part and Auschwitz III which was the work part. It is estimated that 1.1 and 1.6 million people died there, from gassing, systematic starvation, disease, execution and medical experiments.

The Nuremberg Laws were denaturalization laws passed in 1935, against Jews. The first law, "The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour" banned marriage and intercourse between Jews and Germans, and also the employment of German women under the age of 45 in Jewish households.

The second law "The Reich Citizenship Law" stripped Jewish people of their German citizenship.

Mein Kampf was an autobiography written by Adolf Hitler. The English translation of Mein Kampf is "My Struggle" or "My Fight" and the book was about his plans for an Aryan Germany and that Germany would join Britain and Italy to defeat France and Eastern Europe to overthrow the Soviet Union and the "twin evils" of Judaism and Communism.

The Aryan race was what Hitler believed would be the "master" race, of German/German or "pure" blood. He went to violent and extreme lengths to achieve this race by compulsory sterilisation of mostly mentally retarded people, handicapped people and the Jews. He also started a "euthanasia project" to kill people before they had the chance to breed.

Anti-Semitism is "discrimination, hostility or prejudice" against the Jewish people as "a religious, racial or ethnic group". The main...