Women in the Military

Essay by nodnarb97202University, Bachelor'sA+, April 2004

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Women in the Military: Past, Present, and Future

Women have played an important role in the Military success of the United States Government for hundreds of years. Starting with the Revolutionary War on a limited basis women disguised themselves in order to serve their country. Documented cases include Deborah Samson who served as Robert Shirtliffe, and then there is Anna Warner, wife of Captain Elijah Bailey. Anna earned the title of "The Heroine of Groton" because of her fearless efforts to aid the wounded during the massacre at Fort Griswald in Connecticut. Women also served in the nation's bloodiest war, the Civil War. Women served as nurses and in some cases as spies. Dr. Mary Walker who served as a surgeon was awarded The Medal of Honor Andrew Johnson. During World War One women officially held rank in the United States Military, 13,000 women were enlisted in the Navy on the same status as men and wore a uniform blouse.

Three Army nurses were awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the nations' second highest military honor. Several received the Distinguished Service Medal, the highest noncombatant award, and over twenty were awarded the French Croix de Guerre. Some nurses were wounded, and several died overseas and are buried in military cemeteries. Women service in World War Two has risen to legendary status in our society today. Military nurses were very much involved in the tragedy at Pearl Harbor working under tremendous pressure during the aftermath of the morning's raids. The Japanese attack left 2,235 servicemen and 68 civilians dead. Eighty-two Army nurses were serving at three Army Medical Facilities in Hawaii. The Chief Nurse at Hickam Field, 1st Lt. Annie G. Fox, was the first Army nurses to receive a Purple Heart and the Bronze Star. Many women served in...