What Adolescence is all about

Essay by Neria04College, Undergraduate May 2005

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Adolescence is the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood; it generally refers to a period ranging from age 11 or 13 through age 19 or 21. Although its beginning is often balanced with the beginning of puberty, adolescence is characterized by psychological and social stages as well as by biological changes. Adolescence can be prolonged, brief, or practically nonexistent, depending on the type of culture in which it occurs. Adolescence is a sort of a never-never land between childhood and adulthood. It can be wonderful and diverse and full of expectation. But it can also be filled with uncertainty and constant change. Everything a child learned to trust is suddenly challenged. One day you are a cute kid that everybody seemed to adore, and the next day your skin and body are changing and the calmness you felt is gone. The trusting is about knowing who they were, and how people see them.

An adolescent child who develops very early or extremely late can take a lot of ridicule from his or her peers. Many females begin to outgrow males, risks are taken to get attention, and more energy is focused on what everybody thinks of you. (Roberts)

Adolescence also refers to the period overlapping puberty but extending a little beyond it. Between the ages of 9 and 15, almost all young people undergo a rapid series of physiological changes, known as the adolescent growth spurt. These hormonal changes include acceleration in the body's growth rate, the development of pubic hair, and the appearance of auxiliary, or armpit, hair about two years later. There are changes in the structure and functioning of the reproductive organs; the mammary glands in girls and development of the sweat glands in males, which often leads to an outbreak of acne. In both sexes,