Australia's and China's trade relations

Essay by cheeky_angel_89Junior High, 9th grade April 2004

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Australia and China

The changes in both our countries provide a very sound basis for Australia's rapidly expanding economic relationship with China

Australian exports to China have grown 21 per cent for each of the past four years and there has been a dramatic change in the composition of these exports in the last decade:

China is now Australia's number one wool market

Australian minerals exports to China continue to grow, reflecting China's robust demand for raw materials

and exports of Elaborately Transformed Manufactures (ETMs) have increased fourfold since 1990.

Increasingly, Australia is engaging in China's economic dynamism. That engagement is rapidly spreading from the three key cities - Guangzhou, Shanghai and Beijing - to encompass emerging markets in other provinces. Australian companies are actively responding to this challenge and our task here at this Forum is to accelerate that engagement.

Austrade has opened local offices in Hangzhou, Nanjing, Xiamen, and Dalian to assist in this process outside of the three key cities.

In terms of Chinese investment in Australia, there are more than 150 Chinese investment projects in Australia worth in excess of A$ 600 million. After Hong Kong, Australia has attracted more Chinese direct investment than any other overseas market, with about half being the investments in Mt Channar iron ore mine and CITIC's share of the Portland Aluminium smelter and investment in the Metro Meats Abattoir project in Adelaide

But actual investment in Australia will be much higher with over 100 Chinese corporations and organisations having representative offices and branches in Australia, and this number is increasing rapidly with substantial investment in a wide range of sectors such as food processing, general trading, wool and leather processing, and textiles.

Australia's investment in China is also expanding, covering a wide range of manufacturing activities and a rapidly growing...