Capitalistic Imperialism & the Formation of a New World Order - Germany 1870-1900

Essay by JustLilMeHigh School, 12th gradeA+, December 2004

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Germany was a method for the mix up of Africa, causing chaos by conservative, independent, and thought out imperialism. While France and Britain were timeless rivals, used to competing for land and power, the addition of a unified Germany broke the rules, giving France and Britain something to be scared about and therefore giving them the fear to colonize. Germany's desire to establish protectorates came from two schools of thought, both of which upset the balance of Europe. Finally, lacking any kind of established tradition, Germany was able to expand her influence how she wanted to.

German imperialists argued that Britain's world power position gave the British unfair advantages on international markets. This limited Germany's economic growth and threatening security. European industrialists wanted to accelerate the Scramble for Africa, securing colonies before they strictly needed them. The thought that markets might soon become flooded, and a nation's economy can only survive if it was able to offload its surplus products elsewhere.

The sudden arrival of German imperialism in Africa was not something the dominant imperial powers, France and Britain, should have seen coming. After almost no imperialistic activity in 1884, Germany established the Cameroons, German South-west Africa, and New Guinea. Terrified that Germany was going to take over Africa the rest of Europe, Britain and French nationalist demanded more aggressive imperialism. By careful, conservative imperialism, Bismarck's Germany caused the emotionally driven scramble for Africa.

Bismarck, uninterested in overseas adventures, was eventually brought to realize the value of colonies for securing new markets for German industry, the expansion for trade, and a new field for German activity. Planned threats to the markets and security included the expansion of the navy and doubling the size of Central Powers between the Franco-Prussian War and the Great War. German colonial efforts from 1884 brought...