Critical Thinking and Decision Making

Essay by katib_1980 October 2010

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Critical Thinking and Decision Making

Critical thinking is the process of perceiving things which are being observed and seen. It is how you look at the things around you and how you interpret them. It's also about giving arguments on them, inferring things and in the end concluding what you have observed.

According to Fisher & Scriven, critical thinking is "Skilled, active, interpretation and evaluation of observations, communications, information, and argumentation." Parker & Moore define it in a little less wider way that it is a careful and intentional decision, whether refusing the argument or accepting it.

Critical thinking is not only deciding or reaching at the conclusion but it is a long process of thinking rationally. We must have few evidences to think upon; the matter should be logical and solid enough which is being judged, the process and criteria of thinking on the subject should be well organized and should start after a long process of observation and the most important thing is that the nature of the problem should be understood and the upcoming or expected problems, hurdles or questions should be in mind before hand so that one should be prepared for all the grounds.

Not only through logic and rational thinking but intellect of the person plays an important part in this matter. Here the criteria of intellect includes accuracy, integrity, exactitude, fidelity, germaneness, profundity, pitch, latitude, diameter, broadness, connotation, drift, force, charity, civility, fair-mindedness and justice. There are lot other things to define this single word; "intellect". I have tried my level best to define "critical thinking" from several different angles.

In 1941, Edward Glaser gave us the following points in a lecture on "critical thinking": "An attitude of being disposed to consider in a thoughtful way the problems and subjects that come within...