Describe How The Supreme Court

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorUniversity, Bachelor's July 2001

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Describe How The Supreme Court Strengthened The Federal Court Federal power what does it mean? Federal "“ national, centralized; Power - Authority, Control, Supremacy, influence, rule, dominance. These two words combined describe our government today. Federal power played a great role from the founding of our nation, to what we govern today. For the Supreme Court to have strengthen the federal government, several events had to occur. The supreme court experienced several cased for it to have had a strong impact to our federal government.

Our Supreme Court made our federal government stronger. In 1803, President Jefferson, went into office. Jefferson refuses to issue judge appointments that were not delivered before his term began. The Supreme Court had decided that it had no jurisdiction in Marbury vs. Madison. The court had decided that that part of law was unconstitutional. Jefferson could appoint any judges that he wants. That was the power of Judicial Review*.

Secondly, State legislatures could not break a contract. Courts granted that contracts were law and state laws could not invalidate a contact (see Fletcher vs. Peck), leading the supreme court to limit the states. Private institutions, trustees would be self perpetuating, meaning that they would be responsible for it. In Dartmouth College v. Woodward, states tried to revolutionize that by changing the law to require public trustees to control private institutions. When the Union was formed the states gave up some of their sovereignty. To avoid problems with the Articles of Confederations, the court must submit to Federal Court jurisdiction. The Supreme Court had the Power to review state court decisions. If they did not enforce this, then all states would make their own rules and if they joined the union, they had to join by the Federal rules (See Cohens vs. Maryland).** During this...