Euroscience Programmes Analysis on the Basis of Marine Science.

Essay by Sam201University, Bachelor's November 2009

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INTRODUCTIONThis study is to understand the deeper knowledge of marine science, the ocean world with the help of the search through universities of Ireland and the analysis made on the basis of previous Euroscience programmes. Euroscience is actually, an association of individuals who are interested in giving new dimension to scientific Europe. It was founded in 1977. The main office of Euroscience is located in Strasbourg, France. If we talk about the marine world, than in view of the topic, Ireland plays lead role in promoting marine science in Europe. That is why; the assignment has been made by the help of the studies conducted at Ireland for marine science.

Marine science is the science of the oceans- their biology, chemistry and physics. Ireland is ten times far more ocean territory than land surface. Life in the oceans helps supports every living thing on the planet.

The scientific study of the marine environment draws upon the knowledge of many disciplines, particularly geography, physics, biology chemistry and geology.

Often it is only when several of these disciplines are applied together that marine processes can be fully understood.

The whole idea is to evaluate the study made on marine science in view of Euroscience, the marine institute of Ireland and other institute located in Ireland. Renewable ocean energy, new cures for disease, a key to assessing climate change trends and impacts are some of the rewards to be gained through research into Europe’s largest natural resource - the ocean.

So, in this point of view Ireland is the best location to do the research on. Above is the detailed explanation of the three topics given.

Ref by: Universities of Ireland.

TopicsThe three topics on which a detailed summary has to be made on are:1.Euroscience programmes analysis on the basis of marine science.

2.Report made on the basis of the Marine institute in Ireland through their website.

3.To study the expertise of marine science by a search on the universities of Ireland.

1.Euroscience programmes analysis on the basis of marine science.

Euroscience is a basic root organization which is open to research professionals, science administrators, policy-makers, teachers, PhD students, post-docs, engineers, industrialists, and in general to any citizen interested in science and technology and its links with society. It actually represents European scientists of all disciplines (including social sciences and the humanities), in the public sector, universities, research institutes as well as business and industry. It is also called as the voice of Science in Europe.

Euroscience was founded in 1997 in order to:1. To Provide an open forum for debate on science and technology in Europe,2. To make a bond between science and society,3.Contribute to the creation of an integrated space for science and technology in Europe4.Influence science and technology policiesEuroscience is a pan-European association of individuals interested in constructing scientific Europe "from the bottom-up ".

Moreover it represents European scientists of all disciplines (including social sciences and the humanities), in the public sector, universities, research institutes as well as business and industry. This basic organization is open to research professionals, science administrators, policy-makers, teachers, PhD students, post-docs, engineers, industrialists, and generally to any citizen interested in science and technology and its links with society.

Projects rewarded 50,000 euros on Marine science by EuroscienceIn view of the Euroscience programme on the completion of ten years of Euroscience which was founded in 1997, five European communication projects were rewarded on 7th march, 2007 with 50,000 euros each: “science made simple” an English project that aims to make school youths between 11 and 18 years old more enthusiastic about technology; Eureka, an Irish newspaper for children about technology and science; and the one with the empowerment of the field of marine science is included a Norwegian project to inform the public about marine research. Ref by: euroscience.orgReview of the Euroscience ProgrammesGrowing recognition of the importance of the marine environment to human welfare has opened up new opportunities for careers in marine science and oceanography. Over 70% of the earth’s surface is covered by water, but only recently has a concerted effort been made to better understand this unique part of our globe. The oceans contour and shape the land, and its currents affect our weather and climate. Along with the continued research into the process of the oceans, marine scientists of the future must lead the way in developing new techniques to extract the riches of the oceans while protecting them from pollution and over exploitation. AWI (Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and MarineResearch (Bremerhaven), which is the corporate member of Euroscience, who holds the right to freely give their views on Science and Technology development at European level, and to come in contact with active scientists (from the public or private sector) on a wide variety of subjects. Ref by: euroscience.orgMarine science Professors elected to the Euroscience Governing BoardProf. Jacqueline McGlad, director, centre for coastal and marine sciences of the UK natural environment research council in Plymouth (UK), has been for this board. So as to brought out the new dimension of the marine science towards the Euroscience association.

Ref by [Euroscience News 38 - summer 2007 - PDF (1008.17 Kb) ]Ref by [Euroscience News 6 - January 1999 - PDF (399.07 Kb)]2. Report made on the basis of the Marine institute in Ireland,Through their website.

The marine institute of Ireland is a well known institute of marine science in Europe. The Marine Institute was created under the Marine Institute Act in 1991 to “undertake, to co-ordinate, to promote and to assist” in the development of marine research and development in Ireland. Since its early days in Harcourt Street Dublin, it has grown into an internationally respected science body with over 200 staff, two purpose-built vessels – RV Celtic Explorer and RV Celtic Voyager, a research facility near Newport, Co. Mayo and now a brand new headquarters and laboratory on the shores of Galway Bay.

AccreditationIn view of accreditation, the Marine Institute became the first public body in 2005 to achieve the prestigious Excellence through People Gold Standard Award for its human resource management programme. Excellence Though People is the national standard for human resource development and is awarded by FAS. It aims to encourage the development of employees to their full potential so as to maximize their contribution to the organization.

The Marine Institute was first awarded INAB accreditation for the chemical screening and confirmation of residues in fish tissue in 2002 (Reg No. 130T). Since then, the scope of accreditation has been extended yearly and we have been successful in obtaining accreditation for a total of 25 test methods (Reg No. 140T and 158T). We are one of the few accredited laboratories in Europe for Phytoplankton analysis and the World’s first accredited laboratory for the analysis of the marine toxin Azaspiracid in shellfish.

The rapid growth of the Institute, coupled with its initiative in creating a planned strategy for marine research and development based on consultation with stakeholders, has earned Ireland great respect at European level – to the extent that Ireland is now seen as a model for a much larger plan to introduce a similar unifying RTDI plan for marine science to all of Europe.

Ref by: marine institute in IrelandNew strategy implemented as Sea Change [2007-2013]Sea Change provides a clear and realistic picture of future opportunities and challenges and a roadmap for selective and managed investment in marine research and innovation for the next seven years. It incorporates applied and basic research programmes, which aim to increase industry competitiveness, build new research capacity and address policy issues. It is a very innovative strategy, which is applied by the marine institute in a very unique way. Ref by: marine institute in Ireland.

Specifically the sea change strategy seeks to:•Strengthen the competitiveness and environmental sustainability of the marine sector by developing a much greater alignment between public sector & third-level research capacity and industry needs;•Build new multidisciplinary research capacity and capability in fundamental technologies that can be applied to marine-related activities, leading to the acquisition of new technical skills, the flow of personnel between the research community and industry and the creation of new commercial opportunities and applications;•Deliver a comprehensive planned policy research programme which will apply the knowledge gained from research and monitoring to inform public policy, governance and regulation.

Ireland -Ideal natural laboratory"Ireland's location, at the eastern end of the Gulf Stream and the southernmost temperature limits of many commercially important fishery species such as salmon and cod, make us an ideal observatory for studying the implications of climate change on the marine environment," said Dr. Peter Heffernan, CEO of the Marine Institute. "The recent deployment of a network of five weather buoys relaying back weather, wave and sea temperature information on a continuous basis also gives us a unique window on what is happening out there at sea."The Marine Institute is also involved in hands on research to monitor and predict the effects of climate change on Ireland's aquatic resources. For the past 50 years the Marine Institute's Newport laboratory has collected long term data sets comprising meteorological, physiochemical and biological information, including a comprehensive salmon and eel census. Such data are fundamental to climate change research and heave ensured Newport's involvement in major European initiatives such as REFLECT and CLIME. In collaboration with colleagues from Trinity College Dublin and partners from ten other countries, the Institute's scientists are investigating the impact that changes in the climate have on river and lake dynamics across Europe. A range of methods and models are being used to simulate the responses of catchments to current and future changes in the weather. [Ref by marine institute in Ireland]3. To study the expertise of marine science by a search on the universities of Ireland.

To study the facts of marine science, the country Ireland in Europe is very much suitable, where there are many of the universities present to scrutinize the very knowledge of marine science. In fact, Ireland plays a lead role in promoting marine science in Europe. Irish marine researchers have had a significant input in the European Science Foundation-Marine Board’s (ESF-MB) strategic report Integrating Marine Science in Europe. Minister of State, John Browne, was presented with an advance copy of the ESF-MB report at the Marine institute’s 10th anniversary conference at Dublin Castle. Welcoming the report, the Minister said: “it represented an important vision for Europe and was fully consistent with government policy of establishing Ireland as a centre of excellence in marine science”. Several universities in Ireland embellish their work on marine science which helps in the diversity of the marine world. Lot’s of initiative has been taken on the grounds of furnishing and inculcating the values of marine science through these institutions. [Ref by marine institute of Ireland]The need of utilization of resources through marine world.

According to the Marine Institute, 50 percent of Europe is underwater. This area comprising the Exclusive Economic Zones and Continental Shelves of Member States extends from the Arctic, through the North-East Atlantic, the Baltic Sea, to the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Figures compiled in 2002, suggest that European marine based industries and services contribute between 3 and 5% of Europe’s GNP. In addition, these waters represent a vast but as yet unexploited natural resource for sustainable wave and tidal energy, aquaculture, transport, leisure and tourism and the new science of biotechnology. Globally, the potential market for maritime industries over the five year period from 2004-2009 is estimated at €4, 363 billion according to a recent Marine Institute analysis.

Growth shown by the shipping and maritime commerceIreland has established itself among the top fifteen international centers for the highly lucrative business of Ship Finance and Maritime Commerce. Since 2000, a number of Irish institutions have entered the ship asset and finance market, with the Irish Maritime Development Office (IMDO) estimating that the portfolio value of Irish ship financed assets is now close to $2.5 billion. Thus maintaining their position on global level, the very structure of the economy has also been boost up by these endeavors.

Ref by: NUI Galway, Martin Ryan InstituteMarine science in Ireland shows automatic recycling in natureAccording to the Martin Ryan institute of marine studies The Ocean that washes the shores helps to keep the locals warm in winter and cool in summer, provides them with food and medicines, which is actually there biggest recreational space, and acts as a waste disposal unit. Bacteria and viruses breakdown dead organisms and so recycle the nutrients needed for the plants. The microscopic marine plants (phytoplankton) are both the base of the ocean food chain and help to regulate the earth’s climate by removing carbon from the atmosphere to the seabed, and by cycling of atmospheric gases. Small animals like nematodes and polychaete worms scavenge and recycle any particles that fall to the seabed.

Ref by: National University of Ireland Galway,ConclusionHence, having a detailed study on the analysis made on the basis of Euroscience programs in regard to marine based presentations; the marine university report and finally the search on the universities in Ireland to know what expertise they possess in marine science, suggest that marine science is a very broader aspect as far as the inculcation is concern. I believe that marine science does have a distinct approach when it comes to the study of marine science in Europe. It also possesses a unique dimension for the innovation in science. I have proceeded from the assumptions throughout this study that, marine science possesses a great value in terms of boosting up economy, diversifying the instincts of the environment, taking this region into consideration.

BIBLOGRAPHYRef by: NUI Galway, Martin Ryan InstituteFoundation-Marine Board’s (ESF-MB) strategic report Integrating Marine Science in Europe.

Ref by: marine institute in IrelandRef by [Euroscience News 38 - Summer 2007 - PDF (1008.17 Kb)Ref by [Euroscience News 6 - January 1999 - PDF (399.07 Kb)Ref by: euroscience.orgref by AWI (Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and MarineResearch (Bremerhaven)