Networking Architecture and Hardware

Essay by yasser.aliyanUniversity, Master'sA-, March 2007

download word file, 4 pages 3.0

When set up the network, the network design should be simplified and easily to managed. Ethernet is the most common type of connection computers use in a local area network (LAN), that is a communication standard for transmitting data between computers.

Two widely-used forms of Ethernet are 10BaseT and 100BaseT. Our company will move to from 10BaseT to use Fast Ethernet 100BaseT. It is because 100BaseT Ethernet connection that transfers speeds can get up to 100 mbps. Therefore, it will increase the speed of transmission Devices are connected to the cable and compete for access using a Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) protocol. To allow for an increased speed of transmission, the Ethernet protocol has developed a new standard that supports 100 Mbps. This is commonly called Fast Ethernet. Fast Ethernet requires the use of different, more expensive network concentrators/hubs and network interface cards. In addition, category 5 twisted pair or fiber optic cable is necessary.

Protocol is a set of rules that manage the communications between computers on a network. The most common protocols are: Ethernet, ATM and token ring. For our company network, it will base on Ethernet.

Spanning-Tree Protocol is a link management protocol that provides path redundancy while preventing undesirable loops in the network. For an Ethernet network to function properly, only one active path can exist between two stations. The Spanning-Tree Protocol root switch is the logical center of the spanning-tree topology in a switched network. All paths that are not needed to reach the root switch from anywhere in the switched network are placed in Spanning-Tree Protocol backup mode.

The cable, I suggest to use unshielded twisted pair cabling (UTP).Nowadays, UTP is a popular choice to use in the media. It has four pairs of wires inside the jacket. Each pair...