Power and Politics

Essay by savanahbabyA+, February 2006

download word file, 7 pages 3.7

Downloaded 623 times

Organizations depend on structure to get things done. That structure is political and power and based to keep the established order in attaining the organizational goal. Organizational structure is formed using a hierarchy of power to maintain control-employing influence and inspiration to coerce employees to embrace the organizational goal and thereby increasing the organizations primary function, to sale, trade, generate revenues and obtain more power in the business and financial communities. The influential use of personal power in organizational politics is often cleverly disguised to benefit the organization through creative compromise. "Organizational politics is viewed as the art of creative compromise among competing interests." (Schermerhorn et al., 2005)

"Power is defined as the ability to get someone to do something you want done or the ability to make things happen in the way you want them to." (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2005) There are various uses of power that organizational managers use.

These uses of power influence individuals within an organization to affect the outcome of the organizational goals.

Managers within an organization derive power from various sources such as reward power, coercive power, legitimate power, process power, information power, representative power and personal power. (Schermerhorn et al., 2005) Reward power and coercive power are exact in opposition. Reward power gives to the individual gain control by the manager, while coercive power denies rewards to the individual as punishment to obtain control by the manager. A manager's legitimate power is a given power by the organization to oversee personal and or tasking. Legitimate power is a perceived by the individuals in that the manager has the right to control behavior and has situational authority. The employee believes the manager has the authority and thus will obey. The personal power of the manager is one of the greatest influential powers because...