Research and Statistics in Psychology

Essay by shampoo0000University, Bachelor'sA, October 2010

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The theory of knowledge is one of the branches of philosophy. It is the study of trying to distinguish something that is true and something that isn't adequate. This theory provides an understanding of the concept of knowledge of which can be understood in terms of belief, truth, and justification. Epistemology, also known as the theory of knowledge, gives a clear view on the nature, scope, and quality of human knowledge. Epistemology is also considered to be the most important thing of what makes a human being what he is. The theory of knowledge make all other branches of philosophy depend on epistemology.

The whole nature of philosophy involves rationality. To distinguish between good knowledge and nonsense is to make sure one makes the right research, tests, and calculations to be as adequate and accurate as possible. There is also a process that scientist over a time period collect and evaluate things to make an accurate view of the world.

This method is meant to decrease bias and prejudice that a scientist or experimenter might have while testing their theory.

There are four steps in the Scientific Method:

1. The observation and description of a phenomenon or group of phenomena.

2. Formulating a hypothesis to the reason for the phenomena.

3. Using the hypothesis to predict the existence of other phenomena, or to predict quantitatively the results of new observations.

4. Performance of experimental tests of the predictions by several independent experimenters and properly performed experiments.

The roles of observation and experiment are meant for scientists to sit back and watch the thing they want to experiment, and then make an experiment to see if their hypothesis was or what they thought it would be. No one can state that their idea is true without observing and experimenting because...