Essay by williamho22High School, 10th gradeA+, February 2010

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Odysseus is the legendary King of Ithaca, a city-state in Greece. Odysseus is a mighty warrior and is the hero of Homer's epic poem, the Odyssey. He is the son of Laertes and Anticlea and is most famous for his long delayed return home to Ithaca and the 10 years it took to make the journey. Odysseus travels to many different kingdoms and realms on his return voyage. We know of Odysseus' adventures after the Trojan War because they are chronicled in Homer's Odyssey. Odysseus is among the main leaders of the Trojan War. He was the man responsible for developing the Trojan horse. This was the device that allowed the Greeks to win the Trojan War.

Odysseus' story of his return voyage from Troy, told in the Odyssey, took 10 years and was beset by perils and misfortune. He visits many islands in the Meditteranean including Cicones, the island of the Lotus-Eaters, and the islands of Cyclops, Aeolia, Telepylos, Aeaea, Hades, the Sirens, Scylla, Thrinacia, Ogygia, and Scheria all before he reaches Ithaca.

He first travels to the city of Ismara, a city on the island of Cicones on the southern coast of Thrace. He raids and burns this city but is beaten back. Odysseus then travels to the island of the Lotus Eaters, which is close to North Africa. It was inhabited by the Lotophagi, a race of people who ate only the narcotic lotus flower. The flower induced a sleepiness and lack of caring about returning home in Odysseus' men. Odysseus had to drag the men away back to his ship and restrain them from swimming back to the island in order to leave.

Odysseus next sails to the island of the Cyclops, a place inhabited by one-eyed giants. The men disembark from the...