Performance Enhancing Drugs

Essay by EssaySwap ContributorUniversity, Bachelor's February 2008

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Anabolic Steroids in Sports: Biochemical, Clinical and Analytical Perspectives This article addresses the issues that concern the anabolic steroids in sports. By considering the clinical and analytical views. There have been 50 years of anabolic steroid use in sports. Researchers do know that the most widely used performance enhancing drug that althetes use is the anabolic androgenic steroid (anabolic steroid). They also list all of the side effects that performance enhancing drugs do to althetes that take them. Researchers are finding new ways to locate the drugs in the althetes system.

New Test Added against Performance Enhancing Drugs French researches De Ceaurriz and Francoise Lasne has developed a urine test that can detect a performance-enhancing drug called erythropoietin. What erythropoietin does is boost the althetes performance in endurance sports. For example the Tour de France, skiing, and football. Erythropoietin increases the delivery of oxygen to tissues. De Ceaurriz and Francoise Lasne developed and immunoblotting assay which can detect natural and artificial erythropoietin.

This article also tells us that the use of erythropoietin could have severe results. What the drug does is boost their haematocrit level above 50% and it is replicating polycythaemia, which is a disease that makes the blood viscous, clogging up their arteries. Now when a young althete is doing an event and becomes hot and dehydrated it can lead into the althete having a stroke or heart attack.

References for Article 1 Article 1: Anabolic Steroids in Sports: Biochemical, Clinical, and Analytical Perspectives.

Kicman, Andrew T., DB Gower, Annals of Clinical Biochemistry London, July 2003 Vol. 40, Part 4, Pg. 321 Article 2: New Test Added to Amoury against Performance Enhancing Drugs.

Larkin, Marilynn, The Lancet London, June 10, 2000 Vol. 335, Issue 9220, Pg. 2053