Poetry Analysis (these are notes and examples of literary devices)

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Alliteration: the repition of initial identical consonant sounds in successive or closely associated words or syllables.

Example: storm and stress; long, lean and lanky

Assonance: the repitition of similar vowel sounds in conjunction with dissimilar consonant in the line

Example: eerie, creaky, squeals and screeches; peel forth beyond our feeble reaches

Allusion: a reference to another work or famous figure what is assumed to be well-known enough to be recognized by the reader.

Consonance: the repitition of identical consonant sounds before and after different vowel sounds

Example: boost, best; fulfill; ping-pong

Diction: deliberate word choice for the purpose of gaining a desired effect

End Rhyme: the last word in a line of poetry rhymes with the last word in another line

Example: "...tapping at my chamber door- only this and nothing more."

Imagery: words or phrases that use a collection of images to appeal to one or more of the five senses in order to create a mental picture for the reader

Example: auditory (hearing), visual (sight), tactile (touch), olfactory (smell), gustatory (taste)

Internal Rhyme: words within one line in poetry rhyme with one another.

Example: "While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping"

Lyric Poetry: brief subjective poetry, strongly marked by imagination, melody and emotion, which creates for the reader a single, unified impression

Narrative Poetry: non-dramatic poetry, which tells a story or presents a narrative, epics, and ballads are examples.

Onomatopeia: the use of words that sound like what they are

Example: hiss, sizzle, crack, pop, bang

Repitition: the use, more than once, of any element of language-a sound a word, a phrase, a clause, a sentence used to create a musical effect and for emphasis

Example: In his famous civil rights speech, M. Luther King Jr. repeats the words "I have a dream"...