Representative Government

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorUniversity, Bachelor's September 2001

download word file, 2 pages 0.0

Representative democracy, a political system carried out by most countries, is a method in which various individuals compete for the people's votes in order to gain the power to make political decisions. The method's basis is the major standards of federalism and the separation of powers. The system of checks and balances was broken off into three groups""Congress, President, and Courts. It was in this scheme that each group would receive equal powers and have the ability to "check" the jurisdictions of the others. Though there are various similarities, I do not believe that any of the theories would have a possibility in out current political system, except the pluralist theory.

The Marxist theory claims that the ruling class of the economic hierarchy also ran the political arena and determined its outcomes. Karl Marx's political philosophy was the ruling class that had control of the state would be challenged and replaced by another ruling class.

Indications of representative democracy can be seen here with the ongoing struggle between the two economic groups "" capitalists and workers. This relates to the democratic and republican parties, however, the two groups concentrated on in the Marxist theory are not elected by popular vote, but by their domination in the economy. With this theory, we would have no independent power because a dominant social class would control our government, according to Marx.

Next is Wright Mills' theory of the Power Elite, a political ideology that allows a nongovernmental group to make a majority of the country's civic decisions. It is similar by stating that government decisions are not made by the few, but the many; however, the same group makes the decisions. Also, the elite's authority is not derived from its capability to obtain votes, but is acquired from experience in different...