Which do you think was the biggest cause of the war- the Munich Agreement or Hitler's invasion of Czechoslovakia?

Essay by KeirHigh School, 10th gradeA+, May 2005

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Like most cases in history, World War II was the result of a chain of events. The Munich Agreement led to Hitler's invasion of Czechoslovakia, therefore in my opinion they were both huge causes for war. But like any other war, World War II was an accumulation of decisions and situations.

The Munich Agreement took place in 1938 in Munich Germany. It was a conference held between the major powers of Europe to discuss Hitler's demand for the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia. Eventually, Chamberlain, Mussolini, Daladier (French Prime Minister) and Hitler signed the Munich Agreement on September 29th. European countries were not ready for war and were willing to do anything to avoid it and that included giving into almost all of Hitler's demands. But this time, the only reason the different countries agreed to hand over Sudetenland was if Hitler was to stop demanding land and go no further west.

This agreement proved that France and Great Britain showed no interest in stopping Hitler, they basically handed each piece of land after the next on a silver platter for Hitler. Since all of the Czechs defenses were placed at the border between Germany and Czechoslovakia (which was now in German territory), Czechoslovakia was now defenseless and naked in front of Hitler. So you could say that because of the Munich Agreement, Hitler had the chance to invade Czechoslovakia. In March of 1939, the renamed Czecho-Slovakia was invaded by Hitler and Slovakia became a separate state. By doing so, Adolf Hitler violated and broke the Munich Agreement. Britian and France finally took action after realizing that their appeasement policies did not work and Hitler could not be trusted. Hitler's next move was Poland and shortly after, UK and France mobilized their armies.

In my opinion, both incidents caused and contribued to...