The Basic needs of Gregor Samsa in Franz Kafka's 'The Metamorphosis.'

Essay by littlehill04High School, 10th gradeA+, May 2002

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In the classic The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, Gregor Samsa is transformed into a "monstrous vermin." The basic needs of this individual are mostly neglected. Before Gregor's metamorphosis, his basic needs of food, shelter, water, sleep, oxygen and relationships were only half met. After his great transformation, almost none of his basic needs were met. In order for one to function properly and survive in society, ones basic needs should be met to the full.

Before Gregor's metamorphosis his needs were not met, as they should have been. Food, water, oxygen, sleep, shelter, and healthy relationships with others are essential for one to lead a healthy life. Gregor's needs were only half met, though. He did indeed have oxygen, water, and shelter, but his food, sleep, and relationships were inadequate. "'I've got the torture of traveling, worrying about changing trains, eating miserable food at all hours, constantly seeing new faces, no relationships that last or get more intimate.

...This getting up so early,' he thought, 'makes anyone a complete idiot. Human beings have to have their sleep (4).'" Gregor's best relationship seemed to have been with a picture of a pretty lady he had cut out of a magazine and framed on his wall. His food was poor, his sleep was little, and his healthy relationships with others did not exist. Perhaps Gregor's metamorphosis occurred because his needs were not met to the extent that they should have been.

After Gregor's metamorphosis his needs were still half neglected. "He had finished with everything long since and was just lying lazily at the same spot when his sister slowly turned the key as a sign for him to withdraw. That immediately startled him, although he was almost asleep, and he scuttled under the couch again. But it took great self-control for...