Descirbe Potassium as deficiency

Essay by ali232323High School, 11th gradeA, November 2004

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Several people around the world, mostly small children suffer from a nutritional deficiency or disease, which often leads to severe illness or at times even death. This is the case as they most likely lack essential nutrients in their everyday diet.

Most if not all nutritional diseases are caused by a lack of a particular mineral in ones diet. There are various minerals, which fit into two categories of macro minerals and trace minerals. Macro minerals are what the body needs larger amounts of, such as calcium and sodium. Whereas we need very little amounts of trace minerals, for instance iron and zinc. Although this is this case each mineral whether it be a macro mineral or a trace mineral is just as important as the other.

Potassium is a much needed trace mineral, which aids in balancing acid and water within the human body. It is also extremely important in metabolizing protein, carbohydrate and also for building muscle.

Potassium as a mineral helps the body to accomplish various functions, including building strong bones, making hormones, maintaining a regular heart beat and also transmitting nerve impulses (Visual).

The recommended daily allowance (RDA) of potassium is unknown, but the National Library of Medicine advisees that 2 to 2.5grams of potassium per day is a sufficient amount.

There are numerous types of food, which are a good source of potassium. Foods such as fish, meat, leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits, bananas, apricots, potato skins, tomatoes, dried fruit, nuts and chocolate all contain sufficient amounts of potassium.

Causes of a potassium deficiency are often associated with vomiting and diarrhea. A less common cause of this nutritional disease is the use of diuretic or cortisone medications. People with chronic diseases or those in the community, which belong in the category of "seniors"...