How do individual differences and perceptions affect team dynamics?

Essay by oo1992University, Bachelor'sA+, August 2014

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How do individual differences and perceptions affect team dynamics?

In any workplace it is vital that management and employee's find the right balance to enable them to work as one unit in the most efficient and effective way. Team dynamics in an organisation can be affected by how people within the team interact, respond and influence one another in achieving a common goal. Both individual differences and perceptions can affect team dynamics in positive and negative ways. The following critical analysis will explore the affects on team dynamics by exploring three key concepts: personality differences, perceptual differences and behavioral differences. These concepts will then be further analyzed by investigating the broader ideas that stem from them to evaluate their affects on team dynamics.

Personality is an important individual characteristic, it is known as the "relatively enduring pattern of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that characterize a person, along with the psychological processes behind those characteristics" (McShane & Von Glinow 2013, p.41).

Within an organisation employee personalities can greatly affect team dynamics, to ensure these individual characteristics are understood and utilized in the right way, management can successfully create teams to produce the best work. This can be done by having an understanding of the idea of 'Nature versus Nurture' (McCrea et al., 2000) and also how the 'Five Factor Model' (Digman, 1990) relates to individuals, positive team dynamics can be achieved. The determinants of ones personality stems from Nature "genetic or hereditary origins" (McShane & Von Glinow, 2013, p41) and ones Nurture which can include "person's socialization, life experiences and other forms of interactions with the environment" (McShane & Von Glinow, 2013, p41). For an organisation to create a better working environment for employees they can complete personality testing which can be applied for personal development, which further assists...